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Manzanar National Historic Site

Manzanar National Historic Site was established to preserve the stories of the internment of nearly 120,000 Japanese Americans during World War II and to serve as a reminder to this and future generations of the fragility of American civil liberties.

Congress established Manzanar National Historic in 1992. Three distinct eras are represented in the site's museum collection. Owens Valley Paiute inhabiting the area from A.D. 600 to the early 1900s; the early ranching and farming period from 1860-1930; and the World War II confinement of Japanese Americans from 1942-1945. The National Park Service has conducted oral histories about these eras of Manzanar since 1999. The purpose of the collection is to preserve, study and interpret the cultural history of Manzanar.Bird pins are one of many artifacts in the Manzanar Collection. These and other items offer a glimpse into life in camp. Furniture, clothing, utensils, cemetery offerings, and other tangible resources enrich our knowledge and our ability to tell the stories of people who lived at Manzanar.

Contact Information:

Manzanar National Historic Site
P.O. Box 426
5001 Highway 395
Independence, CA 93526
Phone: (760) 878-2194, ext. 3310
Email via a web form at: http://www.nps.gov/manz/contacts.htm


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PART OF
California Light and Sound
Cultural & Academic Films
Media Type
21
audio
13
movies
Topics & Subjects
34
californialightandsound
18
Manzanar War Relocation Center
2
Embrey, Sue
2
Reedley (Calif.)
2
Ueno, Harry Y. (Harry Yoshio), 1907-
1
Auernheimer, Bruce
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Collection
34
California Light and Sound
34
Manzanar National Historic Site
1
SilasGotsch Favorites
Creator
5
potashin, richard
3
lynch, alisa
2
luetkemeier, kristen
1
coughlin, karrie
1
hansen, art
1
linse, kim
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Language
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English
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Title
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Manzanar National Historic Site
by Merritt, Ralph
movies
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Additional Title : Ralph Merritt Home Movies Description : This footage provides a visual record of the camp, and includes director Ralph Merritt’s family, the administrative area, a high school graduation ceremony, aerial views of the Owens Valley, Merritt Park and other gardens, the cemetery and monument, the sentry posts and entrance, Children’s Village, photographer Toyo Miyatake, and other individuals. Rights : Rights are owned by the National Park Service. Copyright Holder has given...
Topics: californialightandsound, californiapreservationservice
Description : Roughly 10,000 Japanese Americans were sent to Manzanar War Relocation Center in eastern California, one of ten confinement camps set up in the wake of Executive Order 9066. Source : 1 Reel of 1: Film: 8mm Rights : Rights are owned by the National Park Service. The National Park Service has given Manzanar National Historic Site permission to provide access to the digitized work online. Transmission or reproduction of materials protected by copyright beyond that allowed by fair use...
Topics: californialightandsound, Manzanar War Relocation Center, home movie
Manzanar National Historic Site
by Lynch, Alisa
movies
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Description : Roughly 10,000 Japanese Americans were sent to Manzanar War Relocation Center in eastern California, one of ten confinement camps set up in the wake of Executive Order 9066. Kakuuchi was one of the Japanese Americans confined at Manzanar. This recording preserves her memories of life before, during, and after Manzanar. Source : 1 Tape of 1: 8mm Hi8 Video Rights : Rights are owned by the National Park Service. The National Park Service has given Manzanar National Historic Site...
Topics: californialightandsound, Kakuuchi, Rosie, Manzanar War Relocation Center
Description : Roughly 10,000 Japanese Americans were sent to Manzanar War Relocation Center in eastern California, one of ten confinement camps set up in the wake of Executive Order 9066. Leroy Cline was associated with Manzanar. Bob Stengel was a member of the administration at Manzanar. Nan Zischank was a local woman in a surrounding community when 10,000 Japanese Americans were sent into the Owens Valley. She worked for the administration driving departing Japanese Americans to the train...
Topics: californialightandsound, Cline, Leroy, Stengel, Bob, Zischank, Nan, Ueno, Harry Y. (Harry Yoshio),...
Manzanar National Historic Site
movies
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Note : Interviewee audio is sometimes echoey. Beeping in part one from 00:26:30 to end, likely due to low camera battery. Description : Roughly 10,000 Japanese Americans were sent to Manzanar War Relocation Center in eastern California, one of ten confinement camps set up in the wake of Executive Order 9066. Okui was one of the Japanese Americans confined at Manzanar. This interview records his recollections of life there. Sue Embrey was also one of the Japanese Americans confined at Manzanar....
Topics: californialightandsound, Okui, Mas, Embrey, Sue, Manzanar War Relocation Center
Note : Dirt on lens through most of recording. Manzanar story ends at 00:11:15. Description : Dee Uyeda was sent to Manzanar War Relocation Center from San Francisco with her family, including her father, Shinjo Nagatomi, who was a Buddhist minister. Joan Busby grew up in Independence, just six miles north of Manzanar. The two women met as adults when both were teachers in Mill Valley. In this clip, they visit Manzanar together. Source : 1 Tape of 1: MiniDV Rights : Rights are owned by Sierra...
Topic: californialightandsound
Manzanar National Historic Site
movies
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Description : Roughly 10,000 Japanese Americans were sent to Manzanar War Relocation Center in eastern California, one of ten confinement camps set up in the wake of Executive Order 9066. Takeuchi was among the Japanese Americans confined at Manzanar. While there, he was shot by a military police officer. This recording preserves his memories of life before, during, and after Manzanar. Source : 2 Tapes of 2: 8mm Hi8 Video Rights : Rights are owned by the National Park Service. The National Park...
Topics: californialightandsound, Takeuchi, Hikoji, Manzanar War Relocation Center
Manzanar National Historic Site
by Coughlin, Karrie
audio
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Note : Most parts begin abruptly. Additional Title : Manzanar Oral History 1016 Description : Wilbur Sato spent his early childhood in San Pedro and Terminal Island. When ordered to leave Terminal Island, his family went to Boyle Heights before being sent to Manzanar. Just after arriving at Manzanar, Sato, a stamp collector who'd had to leave his albums behind, had a birthday. To celebrate, he recalled that: "œWell, my mother surprised me with a couple of stamps. I didn't know what to do...
Topic: californialightandsound
Source: 3 Tapes of 3: 1/8 inch audio cassette
Manzanar National Historic Site
movies
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Description : Roughly 10,000 Japanese Americans were sent to Manzanar War Relocation Center in eastern California, one of ten confinement camps set up in the wake of Executive Order 9066. Pete Merritt's father was the director of Manzanar War Relocation Center for much of its existence. This recording preserves Merritt's recollection of Manzanar, and was filmed on site. Source : 2 Tapes of 2: 1/2 inch videotape Rights : Rights are owned by the National Park Service. The National Park Service...
Topics: californialightandsound, Merritt, Pete, Manzanar War Relocation Center
Manzanar National Historic Site
by Maeda, Arnold
audio
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Additional Title : Arnold Maeda Sings Songs from the Operetta 'Loud and Clear' Description : Roughly 10,000 Japanese Americans were sent to Manzanar War Relocation Center in eastern California, one of ten confinement camps set up in the wake of Executive Order 9066. One of the most influential teachers at Manzanar High School was Lou Frizzell. Frizzell taught music, and wrote many original songs for student performances. One of those students was Arnold T. Maeda. Maeda typed the lyrics to...
Topics: californialightandsound, Maeda, Arnold
Source: 1 Disc of 1: CD-R
Manzanar National Historic Site
audio
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Description : Roughly 10,000 Japanese Americans were sent to Manzanar War Relocation Center in eastern California, one of ten confinement camps set up in the wake of Executive Order 9066. Matsunaga was among the Japanese Americans confined at Manzanar. This recording preserves her memories of life before, during, and after Manzanar. Rights : Rights are owned by the National Park Service. The National Park Service has given Manzanar National Historic Site permission to provide access to the...
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Topics: californialightandsound, Matsunaga, Yuri, Manzanar War Relocation Center
Source: 2 Tapes of 2: 1/8 inch audio cassette
Manzanar National Historic Site
by Linse, Kim
audio
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Note : Some machine noise and hum present in the original recording. Additional Title : Manzanar Oral History 1082 Description : Martha Mills was born in 1914 at Manzanar when it was an orchard community. In their home orchard, the family grew apples, pears, apricots, peaches, and plums. She has fond memories of community life there. Her family lived in Manzanar until 1934 when they moved to Lone Pine. Her interview is full of recollections of Owens Valley individuals and geography. Call Number...
Topic: californialightandsound
Source: 1 Tape of 1: 1/8 inch audio cassette
Manzanar National Historic Site
movies
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Description : Roughly 10,000 Japanese Americans were sent to Manzanar War Relocation Center in eastern California, one of ten confinement camps set up in the wake of Executive Order 9066. Nagano was one of the Japanese Americans confined at Manzanar. This recording preserves her memories of life before, during, and after Manzanar. Source : 1 Tape of 1: 8mm Hi8 Video Rights : Rights are owned by the National Park Service. The National Park Service has given Manzanar National Historic Site...
Topics: californialightandsound, Nagano, Momo, Manzanar War Relocation Center
Manzanar National Historic Site
audio
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Description : Roughly 10,000 Japanese Americans were sent to Manzanar War Relocation Center in eastern California, one of ten confinement camps set up in the wake of Executive Order 9066. Harry Y. Ueno was one of those sent to Manzanar War Relocation Center. Born in Hawaii, his parents sent him to their native Japan for education, after which he returned to the United States, this time to the mainland West Coast. He was living in Los Angeles when the orders came for Japanese Americans to leave....
Topics: californialightandsound, Ueno, Harry Y. (Harry Yoshio), 1907-, Manzanar War Relocation Center
Source: 6 Tapes of 6: 1/8 inch audio cassette
Manzanar National Historic Site
by Potashin, Richard
audio
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Note : Machine noise is in the background of the original recording. Additional Title : Manzanar Oral History Interview 1062 Description : Robert Gracey's family came to the Owens Valley circa 1900, and lived at the Kearsarge railroad station. Gracey was born there, left the Owens Valley for a few years of his early childhood, and then the family returned and set up residence in Independence, where Gracey remained. He was an Independence resident when Manzanar War Relocation Center existed. As...
Topic: californialightandsound
Source: 2 Tapes of 2: 1/8 inch audio cassette
Manzanar National Historic Site
by Potashin, Richard
audio
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Description : Ivey was born in Flagstaff and spent the first several years of her life in the Grand Canyon, where her father worked for the National Park Service. Several aunts and uncles worked in fire towers nearby. The family moved to Manzanar when she was eight, in search of work for her dad. He was familiar with the area because he had worked in the Saline Valley mines. He helped demolish Manzanar War Relocation Center. Ivey recalls gardens still lush and growing, particularly at the...
Topic: californialightandsound
Source: 1 Tape of 1: 1/8 inch audio cassette
Manzanar National Historic Site
by Lynch, Alisa
audio
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Additional Title : Manzanar Oral History 1044 Description : Sleath was a nurse and her husband a doctor. They both worked for the War Relocation Authority in medicine at Gila River War Relocation Center, where Sleath delivered the couple's first child. They moved from Gila River to Manzanar War Relocation and then to Tule Lake War Relocation Center. This interview contains Sleath's recollections of life and her and her husband's work in each place. Call Number : Manz 1044 Rights : Public...
Topic: californialightandsound
Source: 2 Tapes of 2: 1/8 inch audio cassette
Manzanar National Historic Site
movies
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Note : Break in content (blue screen and static) from 01:03:05 to 01:03:22. Description : Roughly 10,000 Japanese Americans were sent to Manzanar War Relocation Center in eastern California, one of ten confinement camps set up in the wake of Executive Order 9066. Matsumoto was one of the Japanese Americans confined in Manzanar, and she managed its orphanage, the only one in the ten confinement camps. This recording preserves her memories of life before, during, and after Manzanar. Source : 1...
Topics: californialightandsound, Matsumoto, Lillian, Manzanar War Relocation Center
Manzanar National Historic Site
audio
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Note : Some machine noise and hum present in the original recording. Additional Title : Manzanar Oral History 1024 Description : Louis Kado grew up in Hollywood and Santa Monica until, as a high school student, his family was ordered to Manzanar. In this interview, Kado recalls his father, Ryozo Kado's, immigration experience, Catholic faith, and training and work as a landscape designer, including at Manzanar War Relocation Center, where the elder Kado designed and oversaw construction of the...
Topic: californialightandsound
Source: 1 Tape of 1: 1/8 inch audio cassette
Manzanar National Historic Site
by Potashin, Richard
audio
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Additional Title : Manzanar Oral History 1042B Description : The Williams brothers moved from Redondo Beach to Manzanar War Relocation Center when their father took a job as assistant chief of internal security. This interview contains detailed recollections of their lives as elementary and high school students, respectively, living in Manzanar. Call Number : Manz 1042 B Rights : Public domain. No restrictions on use. Digitized by the California Audiovisual Preservation Project (CAVPP) .
Topic: californialightandsound
Source: 4 Tapes of 4: 1/8 inch audio cassette
Manzanar National Historic Site
by Luetkemeier, Kristen
movies
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Description : Gore grew up in the Owens Valley on a dairy operation near Lone Pine. This interview preserves her recollections of her and her family's experience early 20th century Owens Valley, including her father's disappointment when an uphill member of his ditch cooperative sold his land and water rights to the Los Angeles Department of Water and Power, effectively putting Mr. Gore out of business. Source : 2 Tapes of 2: MiniDV Rights : Rights are owned by the National Park Service. The...
Topics: californialightandsound, Gore, Willma Willis
Manzanar National Historic Site
audio
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Description : Roughly 10,000 Japanese Americans were sent to Manzanar War Relocation Center in eastern California, one of ten confinement camps set up in the wake of Executive Order 9066. Werbner grew up in a Jewish orphanage in San Francisco, and was a teacher in Manzanar. This recording preserves her memories of life before, during, and after Manzanar. Note on original label : Libby Werbner (Gratch) Rights : Rights are owned by the National Park Service. The National Park Service has given...
Topics: californialightandsound, Werbner, Libby, Manzanar War Relocation Center
Source: 1 Tape of 1: MiniDV
Manzanar National Historic Site
by Potashin, Richard
audio
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Additional Title : Manzanar Oral History 1052 Description : Seven-year-old self-described farm boy Saburo Sasaki arrived at Manzanar on April 28, 1942. He lived in Block 36 and attended elementary school in Manzanar. The Sasaki family left for Cleveland, Ohio in October 1945. Sasaki never returned to live in California, but he and his wife Ann volunteer at Manzanar each May. Call Number : Manz 1052 Rights : Public domain. No restrictions on use. Digitized by the California Audiovisual...
Topic: californialightandsound
Source: 5 Tapes of 5: 1/8 inch audio cassette
Manzanar National Historic Site
by Potashin, Richard
audio
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Note : In part 6 interview ends abruptly at 00:20:43; room noise only until the end. Description : Roughly 10,000 Japanese Americans were sent to Manzanar War Relocation Center in eastern California, one of ten confinement camps set up in the wake of Executive Order 9066. Henry Fukuhara was confined at Manzanar, and later established an annual Eastern Sierra watercolor workshop, some of which occurs onsite at Manzanar. This recording preserves his memories of life before, during, and after...
Topics: californialightandsound, Fukuhara, Henry, Fukuhara, Fujiko, Manzanar War Relocation Center
Source: 3 Tapes of 3: 1/8 inch audio cassette
Manzanar National Historic Site
by Hansen, Art
audio
eye 14
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Description : Roughly 10,000 Japanese Americans were sent to Manzanar War Relocation Center in eastern California, one of ten confinement camps set up in the wake of Executive Order 9066. Kikuchi was one of the Japanese Americans confined in Manzanar. This recording preserves his memories of life before, during, and after Manzanar. Rights : Rights are owned by the National Park Service. The National Park Service has given Manzanar National Historic Site permission to provide access to the...
Topics: californialightandsound, Kikuchi, Frank, Manzanar War Relocation Center
Source: 4 Tapes of 4: 1/8 inch audio cassette
Manzanar National Historic Site
audio
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Description : Roughly 10,000 Japanese Americans were sent to Manzanar War Relocation Center in eastern California, one of ten confinement camps set up in the wake of Executive Order 9066. Takahashi was one of the Japanese Americans confined at Manzanar. This recording preserves her memories of life before, during, and after Manzanar. Rights : Rights are owned by the National Park Service. The National Park Service has given Manzanar National Historic Site permission to provide access to the...
Topics: californialightandsound, Takahashi, Amy, Manzanar War Relocation Center
Source: 2 Tapes of 2: 1/8 inch audio cassette
Manzanar National Historic Site
by Luetkemeier, Kristen
movies
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Note : L channel audio only. Description : Susan Buchel was the first professional curator of Scotty's Castle in Death Valley National Park. This recording preserves her memories of that work, as well as of the National Park Service community in Grapevine Canyon from circa 1980 to circa 2005, a unique and close-knit place through which many members of the National Park Service passed during their careers. Source : 3 Tapes of 3: MiniDV Rights : Rights are owned by the National Park Service. The...
Topics: californialightandsound, Buchel, Susan
Manzanar National Historic Site
audio
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Description : Bill Michael directed the Eastern California Museum, a nearly century-old regional history museum in Independence. This recording preserves his recollections of that work. Included are discussions about Shi Nomura, a Japanese American confined at Manzanar War Relocation Center who, in the 1970s, created the first local exhibit to deal with that place's past, and the exhibit itself and the Manzanar Advisory Commission, a body which advised the National Park Service on the...
Topics: californialightandsound, Michael, Bill
Source: 2 Tapes of 2: 1/8 inch audio cassette
Manzanar National Historic Site
by Lynch, Alisa
movies
eye 11
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Description : Roughly 10,000 Japanese Americans were sent to Manzanar War Relocation Center in eastern California, one of ten confinement camps set up in the wake of Executive Order 9066. Muruoka was one of the Japanese Americans confined at Manzanar. This recording preserves his memories of life before, during, and after Manzanar. Source : 1 Tape of 1: 8mm Hi8 Video Rights : Rights are owned by the National Park Service. The National Park Service has given Manzanar National Historic Site...
Topics: californialightandsound, Muruoka, Victor, Manzanar War Relocation Center
Manzanar National Historic Site
audio
eye 11
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Description : Roughly 10,000 Japanese Americans were sent to Manzanar War Relocation Center in eastern California, one of ten confinement camps set up in the wake of Executive Order 9066. Izumi was one of the Japanese Americans confined at Manzanar. This recording preserves his memories of life before, during, and after Manzanar. Rights : Rights are owned by the National Park Service. The National Park Service has given Manzanar National Historic Site permission to provide access to the...
Topics: californialightandsound, Izumi, George, Manzanar War Relocation Center
Source: 2 Tapes of 2: 1/8 inch audio cassette
Manzanar National Historic Site
audio
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Description : Roughly 10,000 Japanese Americans were sent to Manzanar War Relocation Center in eastern California, one of ten confinement camps set up in the wake of Executive Order 9066. Keith Bright was an Inyo County Supervisor during the time when Manzanar had just been designated as a National Historic Site. He was also a member of the Manzanar Advisory Commission, which advised the National Park Service on the site's development. This recording preserves his memories of that process and...
Topics: californialightandsound, Bright, Keith, Manzanar War Relocation Center
Source: 2 Tapes of 2: 1/8 inch audio cassette
Manzanar National Historic Site
audio
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Description : Roughly 10,000 Japanese Americans were sent to Manzanar War Relocation Center in eastern California, one of ten confinement camps set up in the wake of Executive Order 9066. Aurenheimer was a member of a Mennonite church in Reedley, California, with many members who opposed Japanese American removal and supported Japanese Americans upon their return to Reedley. Rights : Rights are owned by the National Park Service. The National Park Service has given Manzanar National Historic...
Topics: californialightandsound, Auernheimer, Bruce, Reedley (Calif.)
Source: 2 Tapes of 2: 1/8 inch audio cassette
Manzanar National Historic Site
audio
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Note : Audio levels are low in parts 7 and 8. Description : Roughly 10,000 Japanese Americans were sent to Manzanar War Relocation Center in eastern California, one of ten confinement camps set up in the wake of Executive Order 9066. Embrey was among the Japanese Americans confined at Manzanar. In her later life, she led the efforts to preserve and provide public access to Manzanar. This recording preserves her memories of life before, during, and after Manzanar. Tapes 1-3 (parts 1-6):...
Topics: californialightandsound, Embrey, Sue, Manzanar War Relocation Center
Source: 4 Tapes of 4: 1/8 inch audio cassette
Manzanar National Historic Site
audio
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Note : Part 1 ends abruptly. Description : Roughly 10,000 Japanese Americans were sent to Manzanar War Relocation Center in eastern California, one of ten confinement camps set up in the wake of Executive Order 9066. Ewy was a member of a Mennonite church in Reedley, California, with many members who opposed Japanese American removal and supported Japanese Americans upon their return to Reedley. This recording preserves his memories of Japanese American removal and return and Reedley's...
Topics: californialightandsound, Ewy, Ray, Reedley (Calif.)
Source: 2 Tapes of 2: 1/8 inch audio cassette